fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "ecowas " (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: andraine monica <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 16 Dec 2019 17:13:10 +0100
Subject: YOU HAVE TO MAKE CONTACT WITH THIS BANK IMMEDIATELY FOR YOUR
UNCLAIMED FUND TO BE RELEASE TO YOU
Message from Efcc Africa,
Please this is to inform you that your name appear to the people their fund
still in Africa as an abandon fund . I mean your left over fund still
unclaimed in West Africa and need to be send to you with immediate effect
as soon as you make contact with the bank which was the bank the Ecowas
government approve to make sure that your left over fund is been release
to you as the rightful beneficiary to the said unclaimed over due fund.
Don't neglect this because after this message to you and you didn't comply
as instructed then the finial option will be that the appointed bank will
return your fund to the country treasurer account and it will then be the
Now contact the bank UBA Africa through the bellow email add:
email@example.com for your fund transfer to be release to you
Mrs. Andraine Monica
EFCC CHIEF SECURITY.