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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Gladys M Bailey <>
Date: 16 Dec 2019 16:35:26 -0800
Subject: The European Union Department of Transportation

BID: 025782 & 047521
Due Date: 05/10/2020
Description: Commercial Contracts

The European Union Department of Transportation (OSDBU) has selected your company to submit a bid for the ongoing commercial Projects.

.Kindly send us your company 2019/2020 upated catalog.

Gladys M Bailey, PhD
Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization
The Berlaymont 
200 Wetstraat / Rue de la Loi 1000 Brussels,

Anti-fraud resources: