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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. David Forster" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 11 Dec 2019 15:12:19 +0100
Subject: Re: Immediate Change of Payment Option.

Union Bank UK plc
Address: 1 King's Arms Yard, London EC2R 7AF, United Kingdom
Hours: Closed · Opens 9AM Tue
Phone: +44 20 7290 1600


Immediate Change of Payment Option.

This is to officially bring to your notice of an immediate change of payment in your favor, after the join session meeting held between the President of America and the Chairman of the United Nations/ European Union Commission. I wish to inform you that your overdue part payment worth of $5M USD has be scheduled to pay you through certified ATM Card which you will be only required to proceed to any ATM Cash Point to withdraw $5,000, 2-times per day till your fund is completed.

Meanwhile, the valid ATM CARD was registered with DHL Courier Company as a package. All you need to do now is to contact them on their information below with your delivery address and delivery fees of $130 Dollars for the immediate delivery to your giving address without any delay.

Mr.Terry Harrison
Customers Relation Officer


Yours sincerely,
Mr. David Forster
Customers Relation Officer
Union Bank UK plc.
Phone: +44 20 7290 1600

©2019 IMPORTANT NOTICE: This message is intended only for the addressee and may contain confidential, privileged information. If you are not the intended recipient, you may not use, copy or disclose any information contained in the message. If you have received this message in error, please notify the sender by reply e-mail and delete the message.

Anti-fraud resources: