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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "JANE PELOSI" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 17 Dec 2019 03:01:25 -0800

Seasons greeting,
I seek your indulgence in making this request from you even  when i cannot attest to your frame of mind as i write. I am JANE PELOSI and i work as a contract staff with a Bank. I have a very good  brief which i want to do with you if  you consent to it. It is risk free and will only take us few  days to conclude and have the proceeds of the business shared.
Please do reply me immediately so that i can give you  details of the business.
Thank you for your time.
Jane Pelosi.

Anti-fraud resources: