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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "SC Metals OU" <>
Date: Thu, 14 Nov 2019 19:11:22 +0200
Subject: portfolio dedicated for growth.

Good Day,

We are a european company in the process of shutting down our operations in the Baltics and as a member of the board, I have been given a mandate by the other directors to replace one of our Directors.

We have a portfolio dedicated for growth even in areas outside of the eurozone and I have a mandate from the board to work with an individual or company that is able to provide a strategic vehicle to grow this portfolio under their professional expertise.

We are looking for suitable individuals/companies with proof of competence to provide a reasonable ROI; short term & long term scenarios are accommodated. Please contact me for more details.


Alexey Melnikov

SC Metals OU
Jõe tn 5, Kesklinna district

Anti-fraud resources: