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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Byron Gordillo" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 21 Dec 2019 15:35:38 -0800
Subject: Re: Did You Receive my Previous Email Message?

I am Byron Gordillo, Head of Group Technology & Operations, and Assistant General Manager Near East
Bank Turkey (NEB).I write to contact you about a foreigner bearing the same last name as yours, who
died here in Syria, leaving behind an estate/deposit  at the sum of $9,000.000.00 Nine Million Dollars
here in Near East Bank.
However, the Investor died interstate, no next-of-kin, nobody came forward all these years to lay claim
of the inheritance. I have decided to work with you to secure the funds, and propose 30% offer for you.
If you are interested, you are advised to email me and i will unveil more details to you for what needs
to be done.
Upon hearing from you, I will unfold more details and how to commence in the transaction.
Best regards,
Byron Gordillo

Anti-fraud resources: