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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Byron Gordillo" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 22 Dec 2019 04:47:23 -0000
Subject: Did You Receive my Previous Email Message?

My name is Byron Gordillo, on 20th day of Nov 2019 while on vacation, I sent you an email about a business proposition but till date i got no response from you, i have a
business proposition for you, i will appreciate, if you respond to my email for me to provide you details about this transaction, it will be of mutual benefit for both of us.
Provide me with your details so we can speak.
Full name:
Cell phone number:
I will be expecting to hear from you,
Byron Gordillo

Anti-fraud resources: