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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Chris Wilkin" <>
Date: Sat, 21 Dec 2019 22:32:53 -0800
Subject: Re:


I was counsel to my late client Mr. Bruce who left behind an estate under m=
y retainer-ship. He has no known relative and you have a legal entitlement =
to his estate because my late client shared the same last name with you. I =
like you to have the privilege to apply for claims of the funds. Please get=
in touch via email reply with your details for more information: 743869001=

Best regards,
Chris Wilkin
Legal Practitioner/Solicitor
George House
50 George Square
G2 1EH

Anti-fraud resources: