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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Jim Davis" <>
Date: Wed, 25 Dec 2019 23:49:59 -0800
Subject: Hello,

Hello and how are you today. I have a Investor (HRM.King) who is ready to Invest funds to accomplish any serious, genuine and Viable Projects to generate profit.

Do you have good investment projects that needs funding or you know any serious Company/Individual who can Invest the funds properly into an existing project. The investor have a global investment project that can financially benefit your company as partnership investment.

It is a wonderful opportunity and i will give you details once you respond. Personal email:
Jim Davis

Anti-fraud resources: