fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "transfer of your funds" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- "foreign remittance department" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "UBA Bank Online" <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 26 Dec 2019 14:20:49 +0100
Subject: Your Urgent Attention Needed for the $12.5Million Approved funds
This is to officially inform you that we have verified your contract
/inheritance file presently on our desk, and we found out that you have
not Received your payment due to your lack of co-operation and not
fulfilling The obligations giving to you by the state government in
respect to your contract /inheritance Payment.
Therefore we have arranged your $12.5Million us dollars to be
transferred to your via either bank to bank wire transfer or atm visa
master card, any of your choice.
You are advice to provided the below information to enable the bank
proceed with the transfer of your funds immediately because your payment
file will be cancel by the begining of next year which is in few days
we have tried by sending you several messages in this regard;
The bank wire transfer department will assume the transfer of your funds
as soon as your bank or Home address are provided
the maximum is (5,000.00) Five Thousand Us Dollars per day via the atm
card. So, if you like to receive your fund this way, please do let us know by
Forwarding the below details to the bank.
Full names: __
Zip Code: ___
Marital status: ____
Scan copy of any of your identification: _
Tel/House /private: __
Mr. / Mrs.___ ___
Forward the above details to this information below.
Director Mr.Andrew jackson UNITED BANK FOR AFRICA (UBA),
Foreign Remittance Department
Thanks for your co-operation.
From: Mr.Amand Kojo
UNITED NATIONS COMPENSATION!