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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Carl Celian Icahn" <>
Date: Sat, 28 Dec 2019 02:23:54 -0800

Hello My Dear Friend,

My name is Mr. Carl Celian Icahn an American business magnate, investor, philanthropist, founder and controlling shareholder of Icahn Enterprises, a diversified conglomerate holding company based in New York City, formerly known as American Real Estate Partners. I am also the Chairman of Federal-Mogul, an American developer, manufacturer and supplier of powertrain components and vehicle safety products. I am one of the most successful investor in the world. I believe strongly in 'giving while living’. I had one idea that never changed in my mind which says that you should use your wealth to help people and i have decided to give {$1,500,000.00} One Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars to randomly selected individuals worldwide. On receipt of this email, you should count yourself as the lucky individual.

Your email address was chosen online while searching at random. Kindly get back to me at your earliest convenience before i travel to japan for my treatment so that I will know your email address is valid. Email me at (

Thank you for accepting our offer, we are indeed grateful and you Can Google my name for more information: Carl Celian Icahn OR You visit my website at ( › wiki › Carl_Icahn ) or My Wikipedia at › wiki › Carl_Icahn

God bless you.
Best Regard
Mr. Carl Celian Icahn

Anti-fraud resources: