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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Ben Kalla <>
Date: Mon, 30 Dec 2019 03:33:22 +0100
Subject: Very important and urgent notification.

Dear Sir,

My name is Mr Ben Kalla. I am a Consultant to the World Bank on the
new Global Economic Growth Regeneration and Development Initiative
(GEGRDI) aimed at straightening and stabilizing developed countries
economies and stimulating positive trade and investment activities in
developing countries. We are therefore mandated to identify, monitor
and empower persons with great potentials to drive this project.
Further more we are vested with the authority to assess persons with
outstanding payments especially in Africa with a view to facilitating
prompt payment to them on one hand or compensate them adequately on
the other hand.

You have been identified as someone capable of driving this project to
actualize the purpose of the programme. Consequently the sum of
USD6.5m have been provisionally approved for you as adequate
compensation and start up fund for this project. Kindly re-confirm
your names, address and phone number to me if you wish to receive the

I am waiting for your positive reply.

Mr Ben Kalla.

Anti-fraud resources: