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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Daniel Wright" <>
Date: Tue, 31 Dec 2019 10:59:25 +0100
Subject: (BOAICH)-ZX-ICH/2019.


I am happy to inform you that your funds the sum of US$5,500,000.00. was moved out of London, to the bank of America International Clearing House New Yorkhave sent you several emails notifications which returned back as failure delivery.

In other not to waste further time I advise you to contact the bank of America International Clearing House New York with the details below:

Bank of America International Clearing House (BOAICH)

Accounts officer's Name: Mr. Stanley Hamilton

Note you are advised to quote the amount in the specimen US,$5,500,000.00 and your reference number is: ZX-ICH/2019.

Note also to quote your code when contacting (BOAICH) -ZX-ICH/2019 so that they would crosscheck and give you audience.

I advise that you should email them and also give them a call when you must have finished
sending them an email for clarifications.

I am really hoping that this message will not bounce back as it has been the case and I look forward to hearing from you as soon as you finish reading this mail.

I await to hear from you as soon as you finish reading this mail.

Best Regards,
Mr. Daniel Wright

Anti-fraud resources: