fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "purchase manager for Ukrainian ceramics firm" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 28 Dec 2019 14:44:49 +0200
Subject: Re: Hello Dear Recipient Merry Christmas And A Happy New Year In Advance
Hello Dear Recipient Merry Christmas And A Happy New Year In Advance My nam=
e is Sarah lee, I am from United States but I live in Ukraine where I was h=
ired as a purchase manager in a Ukrainian ceramics firm. I contacted you be=
cause I need a partner who can assist me to execute a business transaction =
and I hope you will be interested after reading my proposal. I am a purchas=
e manager in a Ukrainian ceramics firm and my service is to purchase needed=
products for my company especially gold dust which is used for the product=
ion of deluxe tiles, plates, cups and so on. Initially, My company used to =
buy the gold dust from Russia at $21,000 (1kg) until the recent crises betw=
een both countries which has placed an embargo on goods importation from Ru=
ssia unless huge taxes is paid. Presently, My company wants to purchase 200=
kg worth of gold dust and It has budgeted $4.2 million USD to purchase the =
200kg but my director doesn't want to pay huge taxes for importing it from =
Russia to Ukraine. So he suggested that we should search other countries wh=
ere we could buy it. During my research, I found some gold miners in West N=
igeria and they are selling the same quality of gold dust at $15,000 (1kg).=
So I traveled down to Nigeria to inspect it. Recently I have met with the =
gold vendors in Nigeria and they agreed to sell 1kg of gold dust for $15,00=
0 and the total price for 200kg was quoted at $3 million USD. However I don=
't want to tell my director that the price is cheap in Nigeria because I wa=
nt to make profit in this transaction since my director have already budget=
ed $4.2 million USD to buy 200kg of gold dust. Hence I need your assistance=
to execute this deal and we can share the benefit 50/50 equal. I have alre=
ady informed my director that 200kg of gold dust is selling at $4.2 million=
USD in Nigeria and He has agreed to buy it. But He demanded to make direct=
contact with the gold vendor for confirmation before transferring payment =
for me to purchase the 200kg. I don't want him to know the real vendors in =
Nigeria so that he will not know that I am buying the gold dust for $15,000=
(1kg) instead of the initial cost of $21,000 (1kg) which i told him. In th=
is regard, I want you to communicate with my director as the vendor/seller =
and you will tell him that the price for 1kg of gold dust is $21,000 USD an=
d the price for 200kg is $4.2 million USD because that is the amount which =
he has budgeted to send to me after confirming the price from you. I know y=
ou don't live in Nigeria but your country location doesn't matter because y=
ou will tell him that you are on a business trip but your team in Nigeria w=
ill sell it to me. As soon as my director confirm the price from you, He wi=
ll be convinced to transfer the amount $4.2 million USD to me and I will us=
e $3million USD to buy the 200kg from the local vendors. The remaining $1.2=
million USD will be our benefit which we will share 50/50 equal. Your shar=
e will be $600,000 and It will be transferred to you after the transaction.=
I will be waiting to confirm you interest towards this proposal before we =
can proceed. Get Back To Me At (email@example.com) I will Wait To Hear =
From You I Hope I can Trust You To Keep This Transaction Confidential Thank=
s Best regards Merry Christmas=20