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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "IMF Communication Secretary" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 15 Jan 2020 16:44:47 -0500
Subject: Happy New Year to you.

Happy New Year to you.

This is to inform you that the International Monetary Fund [IMF], New Appointed Managing Director Ms. Kristalina Ivanova Georgieva-Kinova, and the 9th Secretary-General of the United Nations [UN], Mr. António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres, has declear and reached an agreement with Mr. David Malpass Selected 13th President of the World Bank Group. To compensate all the scammed victims $10,500,000.00 ( Ten Million, Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars Only ) each for their lost in a previous years. Your name and email address was mentioned to the United States Secret Service by one of the Scammers who was arrested revealed.

Meanwhile this Compensation department has been mandated by the IMF and the United Nations, in conjunction with the World Bank Group President to pay your compensation funds to you through means of Cash Delivery, Cashier Cheque, ATM MasterCard which is 100% Guarantee for payment to you as one of the scammed victim. Therefore, Upon the above mentioned payment method, you advice to choose any of those payment option and get back to us with your reconfirmation details for delivery, so that we can proceed on your payment delivery process without further delay.

Furthermore we advise you to stop any further communication with any other person(s) or office(s) concerning any transaction that you might have lost your hard earned money to avoid losing more money to other group of scammers who are on the FBI wanted list and are still on the run and for this reason we want to warn you not to communicate or duplicate this message to anyone for any reason whatsoever as the United States Secret Service are already on the trace for the other criminals.

Warning: You are to stop all communications you are having with any person/persons, claiming to be agent, investor or bank officials in Africa, Europe(London) and Asia regarding any form of release of fund to you as their aim is to defraud you.

You are hereby advised to contact the IMF/UNCC head office to receive your Compensation without further delay on this email address; OR

You are hereby selected as an honor for this payment approval, which you are to acknowledge the receipt of this mail in returning the required below.

1. Full Name:..............?
2. Residential address or Office Address:.................?
3. Cell Phone Number and Home telephone Number:..............?
4. Your age and Current Occupation:.................?

Anticipating your urgent cooperation in other to receive your payment.

Thank You.

Mr. Gerry Rice,
Communication Secretary,
International Monetary Fund [IMF].
+1 (985) 214-3366

Copy to:-

Ms. Kristalina Ivanova Georgieva-Kinova,
New Appointed Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund [IMF].

Looking ahead to 2020, I want to draw attention to an important issue which the IMF highlighted in 2019: most of the world’s unpaid work is done by women. This imbalance is not just unfair, it is uneconomic. This blog—from my colleagues and me—urges action.

Anti-fraud resources: