fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dormant account" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Handase Ebbe" <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 23 Jan 2020 16:39:15 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Good day,
I am Mr. HandaseEbbe, I currently hold the post as the Audit Account Manager of our bank in Ouagadougou Branch, Burkina-Faso.
We are imposition to reclaim and inherit the sum of US($10.5) Million without any trouble, from a dormant account which remains unclaimed since 7years the owner died. This is a U.S Dollarâs account and the beneficiary died without trace of his family to claim the fund.
Once this fund is transferred into your account, we will share the fund accordingly, 40%, for you, 60%, for me.
If you are interested to help without disappointment or breach of trust, Please for security reason reply me through my private email address (firstname.lastname@example.org) with your full details.
1. Your Full Name â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦..
2. Your Contact Telephone Numberâ¦â¦â¦â¦â¦..
4. Your Sexâ¦â¦â¦â¦â¦..
5. Your Occupationsâ¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦
6. Your Country and Cityâ¦â¦â¦â¦
7. Your Photo or Identity Cardâ¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦
so that I will guide you on the proper banking guidelines to follow for the claim. After the transfer, I will fly to your country for sharing according to our agreement.
Assurance: Note that this transaction will never in any way harm or foiled your good post or reputation in your country, because everything will follow legal process. I am looking forward to hear from you soonest.