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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: David Jackson <>
Date: Sat, 25 Jan 2020 02:34:18 -0800
Subject: Dear Beneficiary

To Beneficiary

This is to inform you that following the three (3) days meeting held
between the FBI, International Financial Investigation Unit, the
Association of Better Business Bureau and the United Nations in
relation to the just initiated Compensation program by the UN, be
notified that you have been included along side others in the
compensation program since you were found to have been scammed in
recent past due to the report we detected in the FBI Scammed
Monitoring Network. Be informed that the sum of (five million, two
hundred thousand U.S. dollars)
had been set aside as compensation to you for
being a victim as this is geared towards alleviating the suffering you
might have gone through over time. We also do hope you will have a new
beginning once this funds gets to you.

Here, the FBI headed by David Jackson have been officially delegated
to come over to Africa by these agencies to investigate, monitor and
ensure that all beneficiaries receives their compensation fund without
any hitches.

Note that in the course of our investigations, we detected your name
and details in our Scammed Monitoring Network. We also found out that
you were scammed of a huge sum of money by scammers via Western union
and MoneyGram.

Be notified here as well that your said compensation fund will be
transfer to you via the Citibank being the accredited paying bank
mandated by the United Nations officials to handle the payment

However, we have to inform you that we have been able to arrest some
of the swindlers who has been in this illicit business and will be
facing prosecution soon. For your information, have limited time to
stay back here, so we will advice that you respond to this message
ASAP. More importantly, please endeavor to keep this vital information
to yourself and do not make the mistake of letting the unscrupulous
elements know our effort in trailing their illegal acts. This is so
because we wouldn't want that to jeopardize our investigation. All you
need to do is to follow our instructions as we will ensure you receive
your compensation accordingly and as directed by the United Nations.

We urgently wait to receive your response.


Anti-fraud resources: