fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Mrs. Marceline Kuame<firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: 28 Jan 2020 19:37:13 +0200
Subject: Re:Notification From Mrs. Marceline Kuame
Permit me to introduce myself to you, i am Mrs Marcelline Kuame,I am the regional bank manager of Bank Of Africa Cote d'Ivoire.
As the regional bank manager of BOA, it's my duty to send a financial report to our head office at the end of each year but in year 2017 report, i discovered an excess profits of seventeen million united states dollar which i have kept in suspense account without any beneficiary.That is why am contacting you for us to work together to get the said fund transfer to your bank account and the percentage ratio is forty percent for you and sixty percent for me. All i need from you is to stand as the
depositor next of kin, so that our bank head office will order the transfer to your designated bank account. If you accept this offer to work with me,
if you find this proposal suitable for you, kindly reply for full details. I will appreciate it very much if this proposal is acceptable by you but do not make undue advantage of the trust i have bestowed on you and i assure you that we shall achieve it successfully.Reply to this email: email@example.com
Mrs. Marceline Kuame