fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "RE:YOUR PAYMENT OF $27,000,000.00 DOLLARS THROUGH ATM CARD/ONLINE ACCOUNT IS READY" <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 2 Feb 2020 11:49:14 +0100
Subject: RE: UPDATE FROM UNITED BANK FOR AFRICA (UBA)
I was told to reach you by the UNITED BANK FOR AFRICA (UBA) executives
concerning your unclaimed FUND of $27, 000,000.00(Two Seven Million United
States Dollars) in your favor as a SCAM VICTIM and we UNITED BANK FOR
AFRICA (UBA) has decided to program it through ATM CARD and ready to be
release to Mr. Roy Meyer who claims to be your next of kin.
Your urgent response is needed before we accepted the change of application
that was submitted on your name by Mr. Roy Meyer to divert the fund into
another bank account.
You are advised to respond as urgent as possible for further information in
Please Treat Very Urgently
Mr. Joseph Dauda
United Bank for Africa