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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Chance F Clifford <>
Date: Sun, 02 Feb 2020 15:06:43 +0100
Subject: Re: Reply urgently


Greeting to you and i hope my email finds you well.

My name is Barr. Chance F Clifford.; I am a partner at Chance F Clifford
LAW, Canada.

It may surprise you to receive this letter from me since there has been
no previous correspondence between us. there is an unclaimed permanent
life insurance policy held by our deceased client.

The transaction pertains to an unclaimed policy payable on death (POD)
Savings Monetary deposit in the sum of Eleven Million Three Hundred And
Twenty Thousand United States Dollars (11,320,000) with a reputable
bank. The policy holder was one of our client, Mr Sami, who worked with
energy company here in Canada and share the same last name and
nationality with you. He died in an accident in Toronto Canada Nine
years ago alongside his family.

Therefore i ask for your consent to be in partnership with me for the
claim of this policy benefit, in view of the fact that you share the
same last name and nationality with the deceased.

I will provide all the relevant documents to substantiate your claim as

Please contact me via: (email:  AND
CC :   

Your earliest response to this matter would be highly appreciated. 

Barr. Chance F Clifford ESQ
Telephone:  +16137069811

Anti-fraud resources: