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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "FUNDING GROUP" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 2 Feb 2020 06:28:11 -0800

Dear Friend,

I Thomas Donnely, representing Mr. Mikhail Khordokovsky the former C.E.O of Yukos Oil Company in Russia. I have a very sensitive and
confidential brief from this top (oligarch) to ask for your partnership in re-profiling funds over US$500 million.

I will give the details, but in summary, the funds are coming via private bank and this is a legitimate transaction. You will be paid 10% for your
"management fees".

If you are interested, provide me with your confidential telephone number, fax number and email address and I will provide further
details and instructions.

Please keep this confidential; we can't afford more political problems. Finally, please note that this must be concluded within two
weeks once we agree on terms.

Kindly reply back with your Full Name, Country and your Private Telephone.

Thomas D.
Consultant to the Investor

Anti-fraud resources: