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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Arthur Ben Paul" <>
Date: Sat, 08 Feb 2020 06:52:51 -0800
Subject: Re: Investigative Report on your deceased Relative

We conducted a comprehensive Investigations into the death of your relative (Name Withheld), an investor who has same surname with you and his huge fund deposit in a Gambian Bank. This Investor died intestate and as such has no successor in title over his huge funds with the bank running in Millions of Dollars.

This communication is meant there to acquaint you on the status of the huge fund and information towards nominating you to inherit the fund left behind by this client. Your answer and or questions is required below so as to determine appointing you as the sole available Next of Kin.

1-Are you aware of this extended relative with same surname born on the 22nd of February 1951 whose last known address was the Gambia?
2-Are you aware of investment deposits with Standard Chartered Bank, Gambia?
3-Are you willingness to accept this inheritance if you are legally and legitimately appointed to inherit the investment.

Your faithful,

Mr. Arthur Ben Paul
Artirn Exnghean General Investigations
3rd Floor, 86-90 Paul St
Hackney, London EC2A 4NE,
United Kingdom

Anti-fraud resources: