fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "huge sum of money" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Robert bailey <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 8 Feb 2020 08:39:31 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Ref: Introduction / Curious to know whether you'll be interested?
Ref: Introduction / Curious to know whether you'll be interested?
Good day to you,
With regards to your email - I got it during my private search for reliable individuals. Therefore, I sincerely hope this will not constitute any sort of embarrassment to you at all.
My name is Robert Bailey, and I am Curious to know whether you'll be interested in assisting to help me invest my late father's fund and Gold in your country.
I am not proposing a transaction that is in anyway illegal, however it involves quite a huge sum of Money and I would honestly prefer to have it done as discreetly as possible by someone who is ambitious and willing to earn a lot through JV Partnership. Furthermore, I must reassure you that you are not required to do anything illegitimate to secure these funds or safety of the gold for re-investment purposes in your country.
With this understanding, we can then move forward and begin working towards a business relations that would yield serious financial gain through our joint efforts in the event you'll be interested, and we can be honest, sincere, and transparent in whatever we do, resulting in a long term business relations....then I'm prepared to work with you.
Kindly reply with your contact telephone numbers so that we can speak briefly over the telephone, also on Skype, we may speak on Skype with our camera on as well before doing this business... That way you would know whom you are dealing with
More details will be given as soon as you indicate your interest.
Thanks for your time and welcome a positive response