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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: kuma ular <>
Date: Wed, 12 Feb 2020 20:06:23 -0700
Subject: From Miss Ular Kuma

*Good Morning.My name is Kuma Ular, 22 years Old from Sierra Leone.As a
result of the political instability in my country even after the war,My
father had to transfer and he established his coffee export business in
Abidjan, Ivory Coast. He was in Buake, a northern city to negotiate for the
purchase of a coffee plantation when he was reported to have contracted
Ebola Virus.The death of my father has now made me an orphan and thereby
exposing me to danger and I regrets to announce it through this media am
sorry i have No Choice i have to tell you the truth here once.Before the
unfortunate death, my late father had in his personal account with a bank
here a surfeit sum of an amount valued in the USD $2.500.000 ( Two Million
Five hundred thousand Dollars).As a result of the present insecurity of
lives and property in this country,I wish to request your assistance to
make use of your account in your country to transfer the balance of my
father's account.Again to assist me with a letter of invitation that will
makeme get a visa to your country for residence in order for me to continue
my education and to invest the fund in a viable business venture.I am
willing to give you 25% while 5% has been earmarked for expenses. If this
is acceptable to you, send me a mail through my regular e-mail account so
that we can discuss further on this matter.Note : that the confidentiality
of this transaction would be highly appreciated in replying to me in your
soonest please i think we have to have a private email which you have to
contact me here if you really want to help me(
<>).Thanks you so much and God bless youMiss. Kuma Ular.*

Anti-fraud resources: