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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mrs Mary Fernandez <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 12 Feb 2020 19:46:39 -0300
Subject: Unfinished Business

Dear Friend,
How are you today? Itís been a while you will agree with me. How is the family and work in general? Mine has been good I give God the glory. I have been able to conclude the transaction with the help of a brother. I wish to thank you for your effort during the course of our interaction even though you didnít have the patience to see it mature I still appreciate your input. To this end I have decided to show some gratitude.
I have left a Bank ATM CARD worth $1,300,000 (One Million Three Hundred Thousand United State of America Dollars) Cashable on any ATM Machine any where in the World. I will like you to contact my secretary, Mr.Jonathan Gabel and comply with him so that he will make the Bank ATM CARD available to you . At the moment, I'm very busy here in Turkey and trying my hands on some investments. Please I will like you to accept this token with good faith as this is from the bottom of my heart.
CONTACT: Mr.Jonathan Gabel
Donít forget to send him your FULL NAME,AGE,OCCUPATION,MARITAL STATUS TELEPHONE NUMBER and CONTACT ADDRESS for his reference and make arrangement with him on how you want to receive the BANK ATM CARD.
Thanks and Stay in tune.
Mrs. Mary Fernandez

Anti-fraud resources: