fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Elumelu" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 12 Feb 2020 01:02:28 -0800
Subject: My Dear Friend>>>
My Dear Friend.
We the United bank of Africa has registered your package via DHL
Courier Express company this morning and we agreed with them that the
delivery of your ATM CARD worth of ($10.5Million.USD) will take off
So you are told to contact us with the below information for immediate
delivery of your package.
(1) Full names ---
(2) Phone line ---
(3) Country -----
(4) Age/sex ------
Below is the contact information of United bank of Africa :
Contact person: Chief Tony Elumelu
Contact us immediately with below code so that they will recognize and
respond to your email as fast as they can.NECO
Chief Tony Elumelu
United Bank Of Africa
Thanks for banking with us