fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "from the desk of" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "barr." (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Brian Thomas Moyinhan" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 03 Mar 2020 14:55:22 -0800
Subject: To Whom It May Concern/BOA#
From The Desk of:Brian Thomas Moyinhan.
Bank of America / Headquarters
Address:100 North Tryon Street Charlotte, NC 28255-0001 United States of America Bank of America Brian Thomas Moynihan, Chairman & Chief Executive Officer (CEO)
We are hereby officially notify you Concerning your fund telegraphic transfer through our bank, Bank of America,into your bank account, Which has been officially approved by the management of World Bank Swiss (WBS) to credit the sum of US $18.5 million into your bank account.
So be informed did the US Government Attorney (LS) will sign on your payment advice and a copy of the advice will be sent to the World Bank in Swiss for some record purposes. Meanwhile your information and your full contact details were received from our research manager, Barr.Paul Peterson on your behalf to FRB for immediate release of your fund,
This fund which Teil der lodged` Late President Saddam Hussein of Iraq discovery fund with World Bank of Switzerland, Which the Swiss bank has Decided to distribute it generously to help few lucky worth individuals and the American Government is in agreement with the Swiss Bank to distribute the fund to 700 hundred thousand people in America, Europe and Asia in other to help improve Their Work.
These are the information we needed to be reconfirmed by you.
1.Your Full bank account details
2.Your Direct Cell or office phone to reach you
3.Your address of locations
4.Your full Name
Finally, you are required to reconfirm directly to me the above information to enable me use it to process your bill of payment.
Brian Thomas Moyinhan