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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Timothy Emery" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 5 Mar 2020 12:04:48 +0100

Attention: Beneficiary,

Notification For Release Of US$3.5M.

This letter is written to you in order to change your life from today. I am Dr. Timothy Emery, the Head of Finance & Operations department. My boss Mr. Edward Carlos, the MD/CEO is now on compulsory leave and all power has been vested on me to direct all international payment. Furthermore due to allegations of corrupt practices against some Banks, the Government has appointed this Bank to effect all foreign overdue payment.

Be informed that the Approved fund is the sum of US$3.5M which has been for many years UNCLAIMED, my boss have refuse to tell you the truth on how to claim your fund. This is because he has been using the interest accumulated from your fund every year to enrich himselve without your knowledge. I want to help you PULL OUT this fund to your Bank Account today using the easiest and quickest method which has not been known to you before. By this method a Domiciliary Online Account will be opened for you.

Please if everything is alright with you, kindly acknowledge this email to process your transaction immediately. Contact E-mail:

Best regards,
Dr. Timothy Emery.

Anti-fraud resources: