fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- "very confidential" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
Date: 22 Mar 2020 12:36:19 +0200
Subject: Dear Sir/Madam
Good day, my name are Mr Omar Al Bashir Jnr son of former Sudanese president Omar Al Bashir who is presently facing a jail term for corruption in my country Sudan. Presently i am in South Africa as an Asylum seeker. I arrived here
in South Africa few days ego. I really need your help to invest in your country.
Before I proceed, I want you to know that my Father who is Omar Al Bashir SNR have instructed me to invest with the sum of ( 12mUSD) deposited in a private security company as valuable
items.it was part of the funds given to him by HRH the crown prince of Saudi Arabia.
Waiting for your quick response, you can read more about my Father on
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/05/sudan-omar-al-bashir-charged-killing-protesters-190513160017793.html. my Mum is under house arrest and asking for your help to invest as my family will give you 30% of the total sum.
Please, if you will help me! Keep very confidential.
Phone me on this number= +27789927966