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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Jennifer Shaw" <>
Date: Wed, 18 Mar 2020 15:22:34 -0700
Subject: NEXT OF KIN

Good Day, I am the chief corporate investment banker of a Federal reserve bank; A deceased client of mine died without any beneficiary (NEXT OF KIN). I'm contacting you to assist me in claiming this funds my client left behind in the Bank. It's risk free because I'm an insider, Please contact me for more information.Via this email ( ) Best Regards, Mrs. Jennifer Shaw

Anti-fraud resources: