fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "hundred thousand united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Shayne Nelson" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 16 Apr 2020 09:43:30 -0700
Subject: BUSINESS PARTNERSHIP !!!
I know this message will come to you as surprise but i will use this medium to introduce myself to you.
I am Shayne Nelson, Chief Executive Officer (Group CEO)Emirates NBD Bank Dubai,I am pleased to get across to you for a very urgent and profitable business proposal which I believe will profit the both of us after completion,I contacted you after going through your profile that you might be capable of handling this business transaction without betrayal,There is this client Mr. Roger Ian Wright a US businessman, founder of a Sao Paulo-based investment company and Owner of STAR PETROLEUM LLC DUBAI made a fixed deposit with my bank in January 2009 for 36 calendar months, valued at (US$ 35,500,000)Thirty Five Million,Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars Only,The due date for this deposit contract was the 2nd of April 2012,Mr. Roger Ian Wright, his wife and his two children all died in plane crash Sao Paulo Brazil.
You can find below the links pertaining to this accident
All attempts to trace his next of kin were fruitless, My position here at my office requires me to investigate and provide the Next of Kin or Business Partner, I therefore made further investigations and discovered that Mr. Roger Ian Wright did not declare any next of kin or relation in all his official documents including his deposit documents in my bank, According to the UAE Law the money will be reverted to the ownership of the UAE government after 12 years if nobody applies to claim the fund,To prevent this from happening I have decided to seek your assistance to have you stand as his next of kin so that the said fund (US$35.5 Million USD) would be released in your name as the next of kin and paid into your account, All documents and proof that will have you claim this funds without stress will be forwarded to you upon your response to this mail.
Your immediate response will be appreciated.