fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
Date: Thu, 16 Apr 2020 04:13:44 -0700
Subject: Attorney Stanley Kumalo
I am pleased to write you this letter for the following reasons:- One
of my clients who is now deceased, in His Will, left for someone who
bears your name his entire Cash deposit valued (Twenty Eight million
Three hundred thousand Dollars) (US$28,300,000.00). The truth is that,
l do not know if you are the beneficiary or not. For some years now, l
have tried severally to locate the name on the will without success
hence l have contacted you.
Would you please get back to me urgently if you are trusthwy and capable of investing
this fund for for partnership profitable investment in your Country, contact me for
Attorney Stanley Kumalo