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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Myria Boivin <>
Date: Wed, 22 Apr 2020 12:13:45 +0200
Subject: For Benefit Of The Less Privileged

Greetings Dear,

I am Mrs. Myria Laurent Boivin, married to late Mr. Laurent Boivin, who
was a businessman and a politician here. Before his sudden death we
deposited the sum of $4.6 million dollars in one of the leading banks

I am very sick and diagnosed, so i decided to donate this fund to an
honest person. My objective is to provide help for old people,
vulnerable and abandoned children, my goal is to give the best for those
less privileged and to fulfil the vow i made with my late husband.

I will give you more details as soon as i hear from you. Your urgent
response is very important because of my health condition.

Mrs. Myria Laurent Boivin.

Anti-fraud resources: