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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: ''Rose Gustavo'' <>
Date: 01 May 2020 03:30:12 +0200
Subject: EUROSTAR PO-2018-1152

Dear Sir / Madam,



My name is Rose, Procurement Manager of EUROSTAR OF BRAZIL SA.

 Your company was highly recommended to us by Lancey Lei in China.

We are looking for a good business relationship with you.

 We are in need of  the  following  product advertised on your website to meet  the specifications as described in attach file. Please send us your best offer ASP .As this company have been obligated to take part in the tender please bid us your lowest prices.

 as this is urgent because we have clients in urgent need.


Please let me know your Minimum Order,

 ** Your FOB Price and FOB Port of loading.

** Your Estimated delivery time.

-Your Mode of Payment. (T / T)

 Hope to receive your Quotation / Proforma Invoice Today.

 Thanks and Best Regards

Rose Gustavo


Import Coordinator 

Anti-fraud resources: