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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Ruth Shing <>
Date: Fri, 1 May 2020 15:28:15 +0100
Subject: Dear Sir/Madam

My name is Mrs. Ruth Shing nationality of Canada based in my adoptive
Country England City London. Actually I am in the hospital due because of
my cancer sickness made me to contact you regarding this vow.

I have an urgent project donation which what 10.5 million Pounds. And I
want to handle over this project to you if you can reach me back since my
situation here in the hospital can‘t allowed me to proceed on this divine

And I will hope to hear from you as soon as you received this mail for more
procedures Write to me on the this email address immediately. Assure me
that you will act accordingly as I Stated herein. Hoping to receive your
response immediately with your full contact information as follow:

1.Full Name .....
2.Residential address .....
3.Private Phone No .....
4.Occupation .....
5.Age .....
6.Country of Origin .....

Thanks your sister in Christ
Mrs. Ruth Shing

Anti-fraud resources: