fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Account1" <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 27 May 2020 15:47:12 -0700
Subject: RE: Request for Statement of Account as of Fed-May-2020/// Payment
Please find attached proof of payment, (statement of account from Feb. 2020- May. 2020).
We have applied for payment of Feb. and April. invoice as stated on the attached.
Please kindly send us May. invoice to enable us prepare payment next week.
Also check if there is a mistake on the attached doc. and keep us updated.
Shipping details will be needed for custom clearance.
NOTE: Due Invoice Number: Inv887548309 $5,600.10 May
: Inv88750990 $31,750.76 April
: Inv88750991 $45,134.99 February.
We look forward to your reply and urgently confirm if there is a mistake in amount as stated above.