fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "my names are " (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Outblaze.com, Hong Kong; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
- independent financial consultant. firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com phone: +34-642 (Consultant; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "FINANCIAL CONSULTANT" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 28 May 2020 08:32:01 -0700
Subject: Re: Investment partnership.
A very Good day to you Sir,
We are contacting you concerning funding of your Business Project. My names are Sr. Fernández Romero Lopez, the Independent Financial Consultant., We are Interested to Partnership with your Company as we are seeking to Diversify our Financial Portfolio into Viable and Lucrative Business projects, an Individuals who has funds Management Abilities that can manage profitable Investment Partnership Business Ventures.
We are most interested in Partnerships Business Ventures such as Medical and Health care projects, Real estate projects, mining Projects, Agricultural Projects Renewable Energy Projects, Start-up Projects and Business expansions / Loan with lower rate.
Note, In-case If you have any clients in need of Loans to support his own existing Project, we can be able to work with such Individuals.
Your swift response is highly needed.
Sr. Fernández Romero Lopez,
Independent Financial Consultant.
Phone: +34-642 860 451
Company Registration Number: ES B12345678