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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Vector Edgar <>
Date: Sun, 31 May 2020 23:12:26 -0700
Subject: Hope you are still using this email address?.

Hello ,

Hope you are still using this email address?.

Please kindly permit me to introduce myself first, I am Mr. Vector Edgar
Please can you help me receive $12.7 million dollars for safekeeping /
investment?, This is not stolen money, it's from an over invoiced contract
sum and it's clean.

Meanwhile, before we proceed I have few questions to ask and please I need
your earnest response.

Can you handle this?

Can you keep it confidential?.

Can I count on your trust ?,

I am proposing 30% for your kind assistance and this is 100% risk free . I
will give you further detail .

Best Regards,

Mr. Vector Edgar.

Anti-fraud resources: