fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "AGENT DAVID MOGAN" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 02 Jun 2020 13:26:11 +0200
Subject: COVID-19 EMERGENCY DELIVERY OF YOUR CONSIGNMENT BOX TODAY.
Operations, Maintenance and Transportation officer.
Miami International Airport 2100 NW 42nd Ave, Miami,
FL 33126, United States
With the urgent need to fight against COVID-19 PANDEMIC, A brief online conference meeting was held yesterday among Wold Leaders in line with W.H.O / E.U. An agreement was made to release and deliver all legal pending transactions/consignment delivery to the appropriate owners globally to help keep global economy strong
On this note, Your abandoned consignment box worth $8 Million USD will depart Miami international Airport after proper documentation to arrive your city as ordered by the U.S government. Note, It was during my monthly routing check as an inspection officer i discovered your abandoned consignment with TAG RBT 45C.
Please contact with the required information for a quick and smooth delivery immediately.
(1) Your name...........
(2) Your phone number.............
(3) Your complete address...........................
(4) Nearest airport to your address.................
(5) Your Occupation........................................
KINDLY REPLY TO THE BELOW CONTACT FOR MORE DETAILS / QUESTION IN REFERENCE TO YOUR DELIVERY.
CONTACT PERSON: Agent David Mogan
Please disregard any E-mail that does not have your Reference Number TAG RBT-45C Always include this reference code in any email sent to us.
Chief Inspection Officer
Agent David Mogan