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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. A.S Muazu"<>
Date: Thu, 25 Jun 2020 17:46:57 +0200
Subject: Revalidating Payments

HEAD OFFICE Nedbank Group Limited - Sandton 135 Rivonia Road, Sandown=
, 2196 South Africa. International dialing Tel: +27 739 775 257 Interna=
tional dialing Fax: +27 86 537 9138 Email: =
Dear Sir, I am Mr. A.S Muazu, the Foreign Operations Director of NedB=
ank Group of South Africa. There is presently a counter claim on your fund =
by one MR. JOHN RAMIREZ, who told us that you are dead, and that you instru=
cted him to claim your US$15.5M while you were sick in the hospital. The qu=
estion is; 1. Are you really bedridden as claimed by Mr., John Rami=
rez? If NO, please reply to this letter ASAP. If after 3 banking days we do=
n't hear from you, we will then accept Mr. Ramirez's claim and remit the fu=
nd to him accordingly. 2. Did you sign any Deed of Assignment with M=
R. JOHN RAMIREZ thereby making him the current beneficiary? If No, Please c=
ontact us immediately for a counter-check of the below submitted bank detai=
ls by Mr. Ramirez; MR JOHN RAMIREZ, AC/NUMBER: 6503809428. ROUTING/12=
2006743, B/NAME: CITI BANK, ADDRESS: NEW YORK, USA, We shall proceed to =
issue all payments details to the said MR. JOHN RAMIREZ, if we do not hear =
from you within the next 3 working days from today. Thanks, S=
incerely, Mr. A S Muazu. Email: Direct Tel: +27 734 =

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