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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ernest F.Groth" <>
Date: Thu, 2 Jul 2020 04:21:57 -0700
Subject: Good day,

Good day,

I am Mr.Ernest Francis Groth from United States of America and a
lawyer by profession.i want to use this opportunity to inform you
about my late client whom died in auto accident here in United States
with his entire family dated 24th of June 2012 and this my client
deposited the sum of Eighteen Million, Six Hundred Thousand Dollars
(18,600,000.00 USD) in Bank in USA and since his demise, none of his
family members are come to claim his funds and please reply me for
more details.

Ernest Francis Groth

Anti-fraud resources: