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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "TIM" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 9 Jul 2020 17:28:09 -0700

This is to inform you on your outstanding inheritance funds of $8,500,000.00 that were supposed to be released to you long time ago. i have been sending you several mail but your mail is not going tru, i will appreciate your mail response if you finally got my message this time, as your outstanding fund is ready to be release to you and also i will be making funds available to finalize this transaction which means you are not expected to pay any money from you pocket .

Your mail response will be highly appreciated.


Anti-fraud resources: