fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Anar Manafov" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 14 Jul 2020 02:47:02 -0500
Subject: Growth Review Considered
I hope you're well and that this email meets you in good spirits.My request is of an unusual nature,given the informal medium of emails but it is out of necessity that I write.
I represent a company based in Europe that's currently undergoing liquidation, we seek a partner(s) to reinvest strategically for our mutual benefit.The aforementioned individuals/companies should have proof of competence to provide a reasonable ROI to provide a strategic vehicle to grow this portfolio under their professional expertise; please note that short term & long term scenarios are also accommodated but it also time dependent.
You can contact me for more details.
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