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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.john macadams " <>
Date: Mon, 20 Jul 2020 00:23:15 +0200
Subject: HELLO ....

>From Desk Of William Gray Honorable office of USA Secretary of State and Ch=
airman Refund Payment Committee Federal Executive Council Baton Rouge USA E=
mail address: This letter is written in order to c=
hange your Life from today. Please note that this letter came to you as a r=
esult of information received from our monitoring network regarding so much=
payments which you sent through Western Union and Money Gram to Europe, As=
ia and Africa and some other part of the World without receiving any paymen=
t to your name, further investigation reveals that you have lost hope towar=
ds receiving your payment after being deceived so many times. Following the=
on going re-branding of USA policies, the Federal Government of USA have d=
irected our committee to compensate/refund the sum of $10,500,000 to you th=
rough one of this medium by ATM CARD being one of the most convenient means=
of receiving payment World Wide, Bank to Bank Transfer. We wish to inform =
you that the members of Refund Payment Committee are honorable men of Great=
Repute and integrity who have served the Government of USA in different ca=
pacities, we also wish to inform you that the Committee members were appoin=
ted by our respected President Donald Trump to pay 10 million five hundred =
thousand Dollars to the listed beneficiaries that have lost their money to =
the scammer and have not yet receive their total sum. In order for you to r=
eceive your payment this week, you are advice to reply this email with ANSW=
ERS to the Questions below. Your Full Name Your Contact Address Your Direct=
telephone. Fax Number ( if any) Your AGE and what you do for a living How =
Many Months Or Years in which You Have Been Expecting your Payment The Plac=
e you sent Money Last whether Nigeria or Benin etc The Last Amount of Money=
You sent indicating What Month and Year Amount From William Gray Honorable=
office of USA Secretary of State Chairman Refund Payment Committee Federal=
Executive Council Baton Rouge USA Email address:

Anti-fraud resources: