fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dearest beloved one," (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: mr. "jamesrolando <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 20 Jul 2020 01:25:03 +0200
Subject: HELLO ....
Dearest Beloved One, My Lordship, Greetings in the name of God, My name is=
Mrs. Kate James live in USA, i and my husband live for twenty years in Tur=
key. I am a new Christian convert suffering from long time pancreatic cance=
r presently hospitalized. I do not have a child due to my sickness, all ind=
ications from my doctors said that my condition is really worsening and it =
is quite obvious that i wouldn=92t live more than Eleven months, according =
to my doctor and in all indication regards to medical analysis. Please, do =
not reply me if you have the intention of using this fund for personal use =
than enhancement of the comfort of the Handicapped .I have been touched by =
God to donate from what i have inherited by my late husband to you for good=
work of God. I will be going in for a surgery soon, I decided to willed th=
e sum of =807.5Million euro with Turkish bank for charity work to you for t=
he good work of God to set up a foundation for the Orphanage also for the d=
evelopment of less privilege. For your kindness on this job I assure you 40=
% while 60 percent should go according to my wish. I will provide you more =
details after knowing your willingness to handle this fund with fear of God=
. Kindly contact me with my private email for further discussion below, Ema=
il Address: email@example.com Regards Nelson James=20