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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Monika sojli <>
Date: Mon, 20 Jul 2020 14:55:14 +0100
Subject: Hello

My name is Monika Sojli, from France. Can you help me transfer my
money. l lost My husband two years ago and the family members are
after me and my two kids, just because of the legacy he left for us in
a Bank, Please help us secure this legacy and have it transferred, The
inheritance is 18,800.000.00 Euros, now I am in Côte d'Ivoire where
the money was deposited,
Monika Sojli

Anti-fraud resources: