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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "FBI DIRECTOR" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 23 Jul 2020 00:47:27 +0200
Subject: You have Pending Transfer Value of USD10.5M in your name

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
FBI National Press Office , D.C.  20535-0001                            
                                                        U. S. Department of Justice F.B.I
Good Day
You have  Pending Transfer Value of USD10.5M in your name is waiting for certification before it can transfer into your account.
FBI need Fund Identification Record Certificate of the transfer and Funds Ownership certificate in your name, in case you do not have the documents in your possession, contact us back to direct you where you will obtain them, this  is the only thing you are to provide in order to receive the payment of USD10.5M into your bank account.
Your earliest response will be of a great advantage to you!
Yours faithfully
Christopher A. Wray

Anti-fraud resources: