fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: BANK OF AMERICAN <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 08:17:58 -0700
Subject: phone +1(917)983_1718
The International Monetary(IMF) is compensating all the scam victims and
your email address was found in the scam victim's list. This BANK OF
AMERICAN (BOA) OFFICE NYC USA. has been fully mandated by the (IMF) to
transfer your compensation Fund to you THROUGH BANK TO BANK WIRE TRANSFER
SERVICE. However, we have concluded to transfer your own compensation Funds
to your name. The total sum of $8.5,Million United State Dollars, is needed
to be transfer due to the (IMF) Dr Kritalina Georgieva, have signed your
Funds. We can not be able to transfer the Funds with your email address
alone; thereby we need your information as to where we will be transfer the
Funds, such as;
1) Full Name:
2) Full Address;
4) Your contact telephone regular active one
5) Your Age and Profession;
6) Copy of any valid form of your Identification;
Note: that your transfer files will be returned to the (IMF) within 72
hours if we did not hear from you, this instruction was given by
(IMF)Dirrector Kritalina Georgieva. We will start the transfer as soon as
we received your information.
Yours in service Bank OF American and Consolation Team!!!
MR. ATHER WILLIAMS III
DIRECTOR BANK OF AMERICAN
BANK OF AMERICAN OFFICE
BANK OF AMERICAN HEAD OFFICE NYC USA.
ADDRESS: 115W 42ND ST,NEW YORK CITY NY 10036 USA***