fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Ms Cynthia Kalu" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 4 Aug 2020 12:51:55 +0200
Subject: VERY URGENT NOTIFICATION !!
MY NAME IS MISS CYNTHIA KALU I AM 27 YEARS OLD, JUST STARTED WORKING WITH CBN. I CAME ACROSS YOUR FILE MARKED X AND YOUR RELEASED DISK PAINTED RED.I RED BOURN TIME TO STUDY IT AND TRIED TO FIND OUT WHY THE FUNDS WERE NOT RELEASED TO YOU. THOSE EVIL OFFICIALS CAN NEVER TELL YOU THE TRUTH QUE THEY WILL NOT RELEASE THE FUND TO YOU; INSTEAD THEY ALLOW YOU SHOPPING SPEND YOUR MONEY UNNECESSARILY. I TO NOT INTEND TO WORK HERE FOREVER; I CAN HELP YOU CLAIM YOUR FUND IF YOU CAN CERTIFY ME OF MY SECURITY AND ASSURE ME QUE YOU WOULD SETTLE WITH ME AFTER YOU MUST HAVE RECEIVED YOUR PAYMENT. I MUST DO THIS BECAUSE YOU NEED TO KNOW THE STATUS OF YOUR PAYMENT AND CAUSE FOR THE DELAY.
THIS IS LIKE A MAFIA SETTING IN NIGERIA AND YOU MAY NOT UNDERSTAND BECAUSE YOU ARE NOT A NIGERIAN. THE ONLY THING NEEDED TO RELEASE THIS FUND TO YOU IS THE (GLAN CERTIFICATE), WHICH WILL BE-TENDERED TO ANY OF YOUR NOMINATED BANK AND THE INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE IRS IS CLEARANCE OF THE TRANSFERRED AMOUNT IN YOUR ACCOUNT.ONCE THE ORIGINAL CERTIFICATE IS GOTTEN THIS FUND WILL IMMEDIATELY REFLECT IN YOUR BANK WITHIN 10 MINUTES. THE ONLY AUTHORIZED AND SINCERE PERSON WHO WILL ISSUE YOU THE ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS IS MRS. AMAKA KENT. MAKE SURE YOU INDICATE YOUR FILE LETTER X AND TELL HER ITS PAINTED COLOR RED SO SHE WILL BE ABLE TO RECOGNIZE YOUR FILE.
THE PRESIDENT MADE THE COMPENSATION FUND RELEASE FOR ALL UNPAID BENEFICIARIES / CONTRACTORS. THEREFORE, YOU ARE NOT GOING TO RECEIVE YOUR ORIGINAL INITIAL FUND, THE COMPENSATION FUND RELEASE BONUS WILL BE ADDED TO YOUR ORIGINAL FUND PAYMENT. THE WHOLE BOTH YOUR INITIAL FUNDS PAYMENT AND THE COMPENSATION PAYMENT SHALL BE TRANSFERRED TO YOUR BANK ACCOUNT AS SOON AS THE ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS ARE CLEARED.
DO GET BACK TO ME ASAP IF YOU ARE STILL INTERESTED IN CLAIMING YOUR FUND.
MY EMAIL ADDRESS IS: firstname.lastname@example.org
MISS CYNTHIA KALU