fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "await your urgent response" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: JP Morgan Chase Bank <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 4 Aug 2020 04:24:07 -0700
Subject: Re: JP Morgan Chase Bank
I am seeking for your co-operation to present you to my bank as the
next of kin/will beneficiary to Mrs. Sigrid Fascinate, a foreign
contractor from Cologne Germany who died on a plane crash on July 25th
2000 with her husband Rudi Fascinate. Her husband and their two
children also perished in the air France Concorde New York bound
flight; please click here for verification.
(http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/859479.stm).Before her death
she was a contractor to Exxon Mobil Corporation (EMC) and has a bank
balance with my bank to the tune of ($25Million United State Dollars )
which will be paid to you as her next of kin/will beneficiary.For your
information, I am the Head of Investigation Department with JP Morgan
Chase Bank .The board of directors of JP Morgan Chase Bank, which I am
also a member,mandated me to look for any known relation of Mrs.
Sigrid Fascinate,since after her death.
However, all my efforts to trace members of her family has been
fruitless,this is the main reason I am writing you to ask for your
co-operation for us to claim this money because it will amount to
injustice,if I do not take this decisive step to secure this deposit
and invest it this is due to the fact that if nobody comes forward to
claim the fund it will be forfeited to the government, this is my
reason for contacting you,so that you can assist me in making this
transaction a reality.
All I need to do is to give you the approval as the next of kin/will
beneficiary and the fund will be paid to you as the beneficiary. so
that the money will be yours and also donate 10% to charity and if you
are really interested in this offer Please reply to my alternative
E-mail(firstname.lastname@example.org )For detail of this transaction
Please do forward me,
(1) Full Names;
(2) Contact Address:
(3) Direct Telephone No:
(5) Age and Marital Status:
(6) Means of Identification:
I await your urgent response to enable us jump start this project and
nurture it to reality.
Head of Investigation
JP Morgan Chase Bank
181 E 90th,
NY 10128, U.S.A